Noroviruses are the major etiological agent of gastroenteritis in all age groups worldwide and are transmitted via fecal-oral route. As important waterborne and food-borne pathogens, they are included on the U.S. EPA Contaminant . Water can be contaminated by Norovirus containing feces released from either symptomatic or asymptomatic patients. Noroviruses have been linked to many waterborne disease outbreaks in the U.S. They have been detected in sewage effluent and in ambient water .
Noroviruses cause a gastroenteritis, which usually lasts 24 to 48 hours. Symptoms include vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea.
Owing to its high effectiveness of ozone as a strong oxidant and lack of residue after disinfection, ozone can be used for both surface and groundwater disinfection. Several studies have proven ozone effectiveness on removing the Norovirus. It has been shown that ozone eradicates the Norovirus.
More than 99% of the Norovirus can be inactivated by ozone at 1 mg/liter within 2 min .
. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Feb. 2010, p. 1120–1124, accessed August 2015.
. Parshionikar, S.U., S. Willian-True, G.S. Fout, D.E. Robbins, S.A. Seys, J.D. Cassady, and R. Harris. “ Waterborne outbreak of gasteroenteritis associated with a norovirus”, Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 69(9):5263-5268, 2003.
. Mi Young Lim, Ju-Mi Kim, Jung Eun Lee, and GwangPyo Ko, “Characterization of Ozone Disinfection of Murine Norovirus”, APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, , p. 1120–1124, 2010.
Remediation Equipment & Services, LLC
Remediation Equipment and Services (RES) is an authorized Distributor for Ozone Equipment by “Ozone Solutions” of Hull, IA. We are also an experienced user of this technology. Ozone can be applied in many different applications such as:
- Water & Waste Treatment
- Ground Water Remediation
- Food Disinfectant
- Vapor Control
- Soil Remediation
RES OZONE IN-SITU REMEDIATION
RES can design, install, and provide O & M services. We can build to spec and have rental units available.
What is ozone?
Ozone, (O3), sometimes called “activated oxygen”, contains three atoms of oxygen rather than the two atoms we normally breathe. Ozone is the second most powerful sterilant in the world and can be used to destroy bacteria, viruses and odors. Interestingly ozone occurs quite readily in nature, most often as a result of lightning strikes that occur during thunderstorms. In fact the “fresh, clean, spring rain” smell that we notice after a storm most often results from nature’s creation of ozone. However, we are probably most familiar with ozone from reading about the “ozone layer” that circles the planet above the earth’s atmosphere. Here ozone is created by the sun’s ultra-violet rays. This serves to protect us from the ultra-violet radiation.
EXAMPLES OF ACUTAL SITE REMEDIATION
Full scale ozone injection system treating bedrock aquifier
Use periodic injections to treat “hot” spots, convert existing MW’s to temporary injection wells. Reductions over 4 months of 1 week injections.
Full scale system treating multiple aquifiers shallow-unsaturated and deep bedrock
Full scale ozone injection system injecting into multiple zones
RES ROSE TECHNOLOGY
Our Web-based Remote Remediation Monitoring System utilizing our proprietary Remediation Operation System Equipment (ROSE) technology, we are able to see how a system responds to subtle changes in site conditions and make changes to the system remotely. ROSE technology is applied to the remediation system to optimize system operation, therefore, decreasing overall remediation costs.
ROSE Technology operates using a standard high speed transmission line. A cable or standard phone line could also be used. All ROSE technology components can be adapted into most existing remediation systems by incorporating control system upgrades or by reprogramming the existing systems. ROSE Technology allows for the tabulation of daily and accumulated totals of run time hours and/or poundage of oxidants injected/extracted per zone.
Contact us at:
Remediation Equipment & Services
155 Railroad Plaza, Suite A, Royersford, PA 19468
The upcoming 2012 conference of the Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium (the 19th Annual), to be held Oct 30 – Nov 1, will feature two sessions regarding the success of ozone in soil remediation applications regarding petroleum hydrocarbons.
The first session, entitled “SUCCESSFUL OZONE APPLICATIONS WITH PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS” will be held that Thursday morning. It is to be presented by Piper Environmental Group and will cover ozone effectiveness for in-situ and ex-situ remediation of petroleum hydrocarbons.
Another session will follow shortly after, entitled “IN-SITU CHEMICAL OXIDATION OZONE SPARGING AT A PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON-IMPACTED SITE”. It is to be presented by Jim Leu and will cover ozone effectiveness on hydrocarbons at a former natural gas processing station.
Ozone is commonly used for many soil and groundwater remediation applications. Click through here to see further information regarding ozone in groundwater and soil remediation.
For further information on the upcoming IPEC Conference, see their 2012 Conference Agenda.
Photo Credit: EPA.gov
Ozone Trailers are built for Groundwater Remediation needs. The mobility, security, and simplicity of these systems are very useful for temporary remediation sites.
Ozone Solutions builds Ozone Remediation Trailers from the ground up. I thought it might be fun to show how this progresses!
Ozone Solutions has trailers custom built by, K&O Manufacturing, right here in Hull, IA. Using a local manufacturer allows a great deal of flexibility in our construction, and a higher quality end product for the customer.
These trailers have vents, an air conditioner, and many internal brackets built into the trailer during assembly. This allows the trailer to be painted after these holes are cut. These pictures show how the trailer arrives to Ozone Solutions.
The inside of the trailer is painted steel construction ready for assembly. There are braces installed for the divider wall, and vent holes cut in the back.
Looking in to the front door of the trailer. Plywood is now installed on the walls with insulation between the plywood and steel exterior. An insulated divider wall is also installed between the front and rear of the trailer. The roof is insulated and lined, with an air conditioner installed in the roof to cool all controls and ozone generating equipment.
Wiring is completed inside the trailer. This is a big task, however working inside a trailer allows great flexibility for the customer and for us to customize all controls for the specific application.
In the rear of the trailer, the Air Conditioner, Oxygen Concentrator, Oxygen Tank, and Air Dryer are installed.
The Ozone Generators are installed in the front of the trailer. The front of the trailer is divided from the rear of the trailer to keep the Ozone Generators, and other control equipment cool, clean, and dust free.
For more pictures of the finished work, visit our website.
Completed trailer on site at a military base. More on-site pictures can be viewed on our website.
MTBE & TBA Reduction Using Ozone
Here’s the story. A while back I had a customer who wanted to know if ozone would reduce MTBE levels in water. He wanted this data so he could bid a remediation job effectively. Our concern was, this was DIRTY water. We didn’t know if the ozone would be consumed by the organics and other loading factors prior to the MTBE. So, he sent me 5 gallons of water, I tested it in my sample tube, and what you see below is our results!
MTBE & TBA Reduction Using Ozone
This was Great data. It was wonderful that the customer was willing to pay for TBA testing along with the MTBE testing. This showed the relationship between MTBE & TBA. Much of the MTBE was broken down into TBA initially, then the TBA was broken down further.
Conclusion and Application
The data indicates that ozone was very effective in our lab testing. After this successful lab test, the data inspired an on-site pilot test with our WS-3010, which led to the eventual implementation of a “pump and treat” ozone remediation system. Today this system is in use at a water flow rate 5 – 10 GPM.
For more detailed information view this data in our info section of our website – Link Here
For more results like these check out this page - Link Here
Example of our Bubble Diffuser Column
Bubble Diffuser Column
This is my old column. My new one is 4 feet tall! Sometime I will get pictures of it and explain why it is 4 feet tall.