Below is a computer generated illustration of how ozone kills healthy bacteria.
- A healthy bacillus bacterial cell (waiting to ruin your day).
- Zooming in closer, Ozone (light green) comes into contact with the cell wall. The cell wall is vital to the bacteria because it ensures the organism can maintain its shape.
- As ozone molecules make contact with the cell wall, a reaction called an oxidative burst occurs which literally creates a tiny hole in the cell wall.
- A newly created hole in the cell wall has injured the bacterium.
- The bacterium begins to lose its shape while ozone molecules continue creating holes in the cell wall.
- After thousands of ozone collisions over only a few seconds, the bacterial wall can no longer maintain its shape and the cell dies.
Note: bacteria cannot build an immunity to ozone due to the oxidation that occurs on the cell wall.
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